Artificial Intelligence In Jurisdiction:
Artificial intelligence has delivered its technological shelter to nearly all sectors around us. Even courtrooms are relying on this disruptive technology now!
The recent case of Hercules Shepherd Junior is an example of AI’s judicial influences. This case has also opened up the debate on AI’s predictions on defendants. Computer algorithms are being utilized in courtrooms which would decide the future of defendants by assisting judges in their decisions over defendants case.
How does it work?
These computer algorithms i.e. AI are now assisting courtroom judges to decide whether the criminal defendant is fit to return his/her regular life or should remain locked up for more trials. These algorithms are helpful in delivering the likely behavior of the defendant towards committing another crime, skipping court trials and much more. These behaviors are marked with certain scores, based on which the judges can hold themselves with the decisions on defendants trial. It’s also referred to as risk assessment.
Issues with AI in courtrooms!
All sorts of experts have gone on record and said that the use of AI in courtrooms for decision making is one of the most important AI experiments. The critics are also emphasizing on the fact that such algorithms would initiate replacement of judges own judgments and could also perpetuate biases in apparently neutral form.
One more issue arose with the discussion on the deployment of AI in courtrooms. The issue revolves around cash bailing system that has been operated by the courtrooms from the very beginning. Many critics have acclaimed that cash bailing increases the chances of racial disparities as they wealthy defendant would easily get the bail and the poor defendant would be in jail only.
The plausible solution to this issue can be the bipartisan bail movement, which would be carried out with computer science and statistics. Now what this technology requires is a full access to the courthouse data and then it would follow up the data with the predictions of the defendant’s behavior in various situations. This would be helpful in getting a prediction of the defendants who are likely to commit another crime or flee. This technology would rate the criminal with certain scores. A high score would mean that the defendant has a high chance of running, however low score would mean that the defendant can be released from court and further can be kept under supervision.
Though as sophisticated and amazing it may sound, there are several sorts of glitches involved with it too. According to several reports and researchers, there are high chances of racial discrimination in this AI usage. These reports were supported by real-time examples of black people getting incorrectly judged as compared to white people (Compas). It has been therefore aforesaid that Artificial Intelligence can inherit gender and racial biases from the one who creates it.
Artificial intelligence has been quite supportive in reaching to conclusions and decisions in courtrooms by their help in investigating the case. Increasing their application and providing them a major part of a decision made by courtrooms is something the world is not ready for. As all the people out there would believe the decisive power of a judge rather than a computer. However, if the judges start to base their decisions on AI’s calculations and predictions than an easy breakthrough to AI for forging or biasing the judgments on the defendant would also be a problem.