When it comes to buying the artwork, authenticity becomes vitally important. The estimated range of fake artwork is over 50%. So checking the authenticity of the artwork become important especially when they cost millions of dollars. The original work by a popular artist can have enormous monetary value whereas the fake do not have.
Art forgery cost millions of dollars to the art galleries and auction houses. And also lead to reputational damage. Determining the authenticity of artwork is a considerable challenge in front of the art world. They are looking for the ways which can detect the art forgeries before these forgeries cost them money and reputational damage. Detecting art forgeries is hard and expensive. There are several methods such as infrared spectroscopy, gas chromatography and radiometric dating used by the art experts to detect the art forgeries but Artificial Intelligence (AI) considered as the best way to keep the foragers away. According to the researchers, Artificial Intelligence made it easy to identify the art forgeries. AI can identify the forgeries by just looking at the brushstrokes.
How Artificial Intelligence (AI) works ?
According to the U.S. and Swiss researchers, Artificial Intelligence can be the best detective. Sometimes from a single stroke, it can detect the art forgeries every time. In mid-1900s Maurits Michel van Dantzig an art historian developed a system to identify the artists by their brush strokes. This technique is known as Pictology. He found that length, shape, direction, and pressure of a stroke are unique for each artist. This technique allows to quickly verifying whether the brushstroke belongs to the original artist or a forgery.
The AI system is inspired by the Pictology. Maurits Michel van Dantzig is also known as the father of the AI system of detecting art forgeries. 80,000 brushstrokes from 297 digitalized drawings and sketches were analyzed to develop an AI system. The AI system spotted forged drawings in the style of Henri Matisse, Pablo Picasso, and EgonSchiele with 80% accuracy. The results are better than human. The major limitation of the AI system is that it can only be used when lines are obvious or clear. When the brushstrokes are invisible or blended, it doesn’t help.
Why Artificial Intelligence ?
When the art forgers make a fake piece of art, they try to copy certain compositional and subject matter related patterns and elements. But every artist has the unique characteristic of stroke, which carries the unintentional signature of the artist. These signatures are hard to forge or imitate even if the forger intends to do.
Throughout the ages, people are using numerous ways to detect the art forgeries but now detecting art forgeries entered in a new world of artificial intelligence. AI system is the cost-effective alternative to expensive scientific analysis. The AI system is more accurate, easy and efficient which will definitely stop the art forgers to enter in the world of art. The AI system is seen as a revolutionary technology for the art industry.