The constant application of Artificial Intelligence in the battle-field is revolutionizing the modern era warfare mechanism. U.S. and Europe have already made great strides in relation to Artificial Intelligence and have applied in the economic and governance sector. However, it is now, China that is mastering the art of Artificial Intelligence and making it useful in all the spheres. The state intends to be the major innovative center for artificial intelligence by 2030 and leverage it for national defense. If the state actually achieves it, it will completely alter the balance of power in technology and make China a key player in the artificial intelligence.
China’s Artificial Intelligence Plans
The state leaders have recently launched “New Generation Artificial Intelligence Development Plan” with three-fold agendas. They maintain that artificial intelligence incorporation is necessary for “comprehensive national power” and will be a “new engine” of the future advancement. The new framework is launched with the aim of handling issues faced during research and development process and nurturing the Artificial Intelligence industry. Through its application, it also wants to pursue artificial intelligence applications in the vital sectors like economics, governance, and defense. In the same regard, China’s defense industry has partnered with People’s Liberation Army research institutes to know the possible opportunities with Artificial Intelligence in the warfare. Furthermore, the state intends to pursue the use of technology in big data, human-machine hybrid intelligence, swarm intelligence, and automated decision-making, along with autonomous unmanned systems and intelligent robotics. It believes that implementation of this technology will replace the human with machines which will give better edge during combats.
Achieving the mastery in Artificial Intelligence
To carry out the research and development and advances in the artificial intelligence field, China aims to coordinate and optimize both domestic and foreign talent. It plans to make innovation and training base for the technology in the state in collaboration with foreign universities, research institutes and teams conducting studies. It is actively funding and investing in the start-ups in the U.S and worldwide in relation to artificial intelligence research and application and making use of “innovation resources” Last year, in mid-2016, Neurala, Boston AI software start-up was funded by Chinese, Haiyin Capital. However, this approach of China AI has been constantly been criticized by U.S. and others.
The critics of the state policy maintain that China’s strategy is a dual-use dilemma and concerns as it aims towards military and civil fusion. The advances made by the state in regards to artificial intelligence will be used in the defense sector for national security. China AI aims to incorporate the technology in military deduction and equipment. This has been argued as warning signals for the other nations and to ready their military base to compete with the advanced artificially intelligent military base of China. However, China claims to only build up capabilities for future innovation, enterprise, and application. They ensure to carry-out, safe, reliable and controllable development of artificial intelligence within the line of the regulatory framework.