Autonomous driving research
Autonomous cars are also known as a driverless car, robotic car or self-driving car is the future transportation. These autonomous vehicles are capable of sensing the surrounding environment and capable of navigating without human input. These autonomous cars use a variety of techniques to detect the surrounding such as laser light, radar, GPS, computer vision, and odometer. These advanced control systems interpret the sensory information and identify the appropriate navigation paths, obstacles, and relevant signage. This advanced control system is also capable of analyzing the data to distinguish between different cars.
Latest Developments in the field of Autonomous Vehicle
CARLA is an open source simulator for autonomous driving research which has developed from the ground up to support development, training, and validation of autonomous urban driving systems under realistic driving conditions. Researchers involved are Alexey Dosovitskiy & Vladlen Koltun from Intel Labs, German Ros from Toyota Research Institute and Antonio Lopez & Felipe Codevilla from Computer Vision Center in Spain. CARLA also provides digital assets such as urban layouts, buildings, and vehicles which are created for the automation purpose and can be used freely. The system simulates a wide range of driving conditions and repeats dangerous situations endlessly to help learning. It also offers a library of assets that can be arranged into towns under various weather and lighting conditions. The library includes 40 different buildings, 16 animated vehicle models, and 50 animated pedestrians. Though systems like CARLA can never replace driving time on real roads, it can provide a useful and safe testing ground for new ideas.
Google’s self-driving car project is known as Waymo. Google is developing a new way of mobility to make it easy and safe for people or things to move around. Waymo has become the first company to launch its autonomous cars on the streets of USA. Google’s driverless car has spent thousands of hours on American roads but they are still not available commercially on a large scale. The research on autonomous vehicles is still underway not only in the USA but also in the other parts of the world. According to some suggestions, autonomous cars can cause a problem with the existing auto insurance and traffic controls by human-controlled cars.
Volvo has started to Drive Me families with Volvo’s driver assistance technology. Volvo is doing continuous research to introduce the more advanced driving assistance systems. According to the Volvo, the unsupervised autonomous cars will revolutionize the society, boost global economies and transform the way we manage our time. It is the biggest change in the personal mobility since the invention of cars. By 2021 Volvo will launch its first unsupervised autonomous vehicle in the market. Uber already booked 24,000 XC90 SUVs which costs around $67000.
Latest technology which is used in the autonomous cars:
Camera: It helps to detect the close-range objects, danger, and monitor the lane making. It also identifies pedestrians or any other road user which appear suddenly.
Radar: The radar transmitters provide a detailed 360-degree view of surrounding and help to change the lane by detecting the vehicle which approaches from behind.
Sensor: Ultrasonic sensors which are present on the exterior surface of the car help to detect the low speed and spot the hazards on the road whether it is debris or pedestrians.
Laser: The multiple beam laser scanners at the front of the car give a 150-meter range vision. It is able to give you warning of any potential hazards.
3D Map and GPS: The detailed 3D map and GPS work together to let you know where you are and what is around you. It enables the car to select the most efficient and quickest route.
In autonomous mode, the vehicle performs all the driving and people on board are not expected to take the control of the vehicle. It is safe to rely on the technology to accelerate or break. In near future, autonomous cars will be considered as the safest cars in the world.
Moreover, AI has begun to take a prominent role in Hollywood too and today about 97% of Hollywood movies are filmed using AI. Following Paul Walker’s death in 2013, the Furious 7 filmmakers faced the delicate task of finishing the film using a digitally created version of the actor. Thus they took the help of Artificial Intelligence to create the digital actor acting in the film which looks so real and same as the actor himself. One of the Greatest achievements of Artificial Intelligence in Hollywood industry after a little bit more advancement is, it could generate realistic characters which might replace the real ones. Thus AI could bring back our most valuable ally into the real world. Looking forward to ‘The Emotion Machine’ which is not far away.